Saturday, January 22, 2011

This Week in US History

January 23

1849   Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman in America to receive a medical degree.

1973   President Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end the  Vietnam War.

January 24

1848   James W. Marshall discover gold at Sutter's Mill in northern California, sparking a gold rush.

1984   The first Apple Macintosh computers go on sale for $2,495.00 - and revolutionize the personal computer industry.

January 25

1915   Alexander Graham Bell makes a call from New York to San Francisco, inaugurating transcontinental telephone service.

1961   President John F. Kennedy holds the first live televised presidential news conference.  Click here to watch.

January 26

1861   Louisiana secedes from the Union.

1970   Navy Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr., the first American aviator shot down over North Vietnam, spends his 2,000th day as a prisoner of war.

January 27

1785   Georgia becomes the first state to charter a state-supported university, the University of Georgia.

1967   Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffee die in a fire aboard their Apollo I spacecraft at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Chaffee, White, and Grissom

January 28

1878   The first commercial telephone exchange is installed in New Haven, Connecticut, serving 21 subscribers with eight lines.

1986   The space shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral.

January 29

1861   Kansas becomes the thirty-fourth state.

1900   The American League is organized in Philadelphia with eight baseball teams.

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