Sunday, December 26, 2010

This Week in US History

December 26

1776  After crossing the Delaware River, George Washington's army defeats a Hessian force at Trenton, New Jersey.

1865  James Mason of Massachusetts wins the first U.S. patent, for a coffee percolator.

December 27

1900  Prohibitionist Carry Nation begins her campaign of destroying saloons when she smashes the bar at the Carey Hotel in Wichita, Kansas.

1932  Radio City Music Hall opens in New York City.

December 28

1832  John C. Calhoun becomes the first vice president to resign, leaving office over political differences with President Andrew Jackson.

1945  Congress formally recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance as the national pledge.

December 29

1851  The first Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in the United States is organized in Boston.

1890  The U.S. Cavalry massacres up to 300 Lakita Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

Sioux survivors from the Battle at Wounded Knee.

December 30

1853  James Gadsden, minister to Mexico, signs the Gadsden Purchase, in which the United States buys nearly 30,000 square miles of land from Mexico.

1924  Astronomer Edwin Hubble announces evidence of the existence of a galaxy outside our own.

December 31

1907  A giant ball is first dropped in Times Square to bring in the New Year.

1999  The U.S. transfers full control of the Panama Canal to Panama.

January 1

1863  Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.

1892  Ellis Island begins processing immigrants in New York Harbor.


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